Established in 1945 by the un charter the court began work in 1946 as the successor to the permanent court of international justicethe statute of the international court of justice similar to that of its predecessor is the main constitutional document constituting and regulating the court the courts workload covers a wide range of judicial activity. International judicial institutions can be divided into courts arbitral tribunals and quasi judicial institutions courts are permanent bodies with near the same composition for each case arbitral tribunals by contrast are constituted anew for each case. The international court of justice is the principal judicial organ of the united nations and epitomizes the very notion of international judicial institution yet it decides inter state disputes only with the parties consent this makes it more similar to international arbitral tribunals than other international courts. The same is true of judicial settlement the method applied by the international court of justice except that a court is subject to stricter rules than an arbitral tribunal particularly in procedural matters. Get this from a library the international court of justice an arbitral tribunal or a judicial body serena forlati the international court of justice is the principal judicial organ of the united nations and epitomizes the very notion of international judicial institution yet it decides inter state disputes
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