Congenital or acquired hearing loss in infants and children has been linked with lifelong deficits in speech and language acquisition poor academic performance personal social maladjustments and emotional difficulties identification of hearing loss through neonatal hearing screening regular surveillance of developmental milestones auditory skills parental concerns and middle ear status . Hearing screening is a test to tell if people might have hearing loss hearing screening is easy and not painful in fact babies are often asleep while being screened it takes a very short time usually only a few minutes if you think a child might have hearing loss ask the doctor for a . Rationale for screening universal newborn hearing screening identifies the majority of the 1 in 1000 children born with a hearing impairment hearing loss is not confined to those with risk factors approximately 40 of all children ultimately identified with sensorineural hearing loss do not have an established risk factor therefore universal screening is recommended. The result is that for many hearing impaired infants and young children much of the crucial period for language and speech learning is lost there is general agreement that hearing impairment should be recognized as early in life as possible so that the remediation process can take full advantage of the plasticity of the developing sensory . Conductive hearing loss is caused by blockage in the transmission of sound to the inner ear ear infections are the most common cause of this type of hearing loss in infants and young children this loss is usually mild temporary and treatable with medicine or surgery
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